mexico colloquia Mexico 2012 Mexico 2012

ABOUT MEXICO

Mexico City is settled in one of the main lake areas of pre-Hispanic Mexico and is known as the "City of Palaces." It was founded in 1525 by Spaniards after defeating the Mexicas. The new city was built on the ruins of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán.

Mexico City, also known as Federal District, is located on the Central Plateau at an altitude of 7,350 feet above sea level, which is rare for a city of such size. The weather in Mexico City is mild year-round. In addition to being the country's economic center, it is the capital of Mexico and where the federal power of the Union sits.

The Federal District has two areas declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: the Historic Center and Xochimilco Ecological Park. Visiting the first is a journey through different historic periods all sharing the same area. There are colonial-era buildings such as the Metropolitan Cathedral and National Palace; the pre-Hispanic ruins of the Templo Mayor (Great Temple); contemporary buildings like the Palace of Fine Arts and the Torre Latinoamericana, which, with its antenna, reaches a height of 669 feet.

The Xochimilco Ecological Park is considered by many the "Venice of Mexico" because of canals connecting its chinampas or "floating gardens," which can be reached by trajinera (a large punt boat). Trajineras give visitors an idea of transport in pre-Hispanic times, how the chinampas function, and how goods were traded in that era.

Like a mosaic, each of Mexico City's principal areas displays this cultural syncretism: the collection of archeological sites and colonial and contemporary buildings in the same space, as well as a wide variety of natural and cultural centers. There are also numerous museums, including the National Museum of Anthropology, considered to be one of the best in the world; the National Art Museum; the Casa Azul of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera; and the Museum of Modern Art.

Coyoacan, a former village and now one of the 16 boroughs of Mexico City, is an historic center. It is a popular place to visit, especially on weekends, because many of the original layouts, plazas, and narrow streets have been preserved and date from the sixteenth to the early twentieth centuries.

Another popular place to hang out is in La Condesa, located just south of Avenida Chapultepec. This area began as lands owned by two countesses in the colonial period. Comparable to Soho in New York City or the Latin Quarter in Paris, the area today is fashionable and attracts young businesspeople, students, and artists. Its avenues are wide and tree-lined and although primarily residential, it is filled with restaurants, cafes, boutiques, and galleries.

To the north of the city, be sure to visit the Basilica of Guadalupe.One of the most visited religious shrines in the world, it is where the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared before San Juan Diego on the summit of the Cerro del Tepeyac. It is an obligatory stop for those wanting to learn more about the city's customs and traditions.

Mexico City offers a wide range of activities inherent to a modern city, from shopping in bazaars and crafts markets in neighborhoods such as Coyoacán and San Angel, to exclusive boutiques and shopping malls like those found in the Santa Fe and Polanco districts. The luxury, glamour, and comfort of these areas match international standards.

Mexico City, or the Federal District as it is known, is located on the Central Plateau at an altitude of 7,350 feet above sea level, which is rare for a city of such size. The weather in Mexico City is mild year-round, and, in addition to being the country's economic center, it is the capital of Mexico and the seat of federal power of the Union.

For more Touristic information about Mexico, destinations in the country, upcoming activities calendar, different travel experiences by topic, weather, maps, currency, and more, please visit the following links: www.visitmexico.com.mx
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