International ERM Glossary

The International ERM Glossary is intended to provide users with a set of definitions that are in common usage around the world by actuaries, regulators and members of the insurance industry. The purpose in developing the glossary is to help provide a common understanding of the terms currently in use, as definitions and meanings have varied over time, and among practitioners. It can also be used as a training and educational tool for regulators.

The glossary can be consulted per letter, organization or grouping.

DISCLAIMER: The content of the International ERM Glossary has been compiled by the Joint ORSA Subcommittee of the Insurance Regulation Committee and the Enterprise and Financial Risk Committee of the IAA. This information has been collated and presented for educational and informational purposes to the members of the IAA and interested parties. The IAA assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, currency, reliability of the information in the International ERM Glossary or access to any information contained on any of the sources cited in the Glossary. The IAA, its employees and officers shall not be liable for any loss or damage, direct or indirect, which may arise or occur as a result of the use of or reliance upon any of the material in the International ERM Glossary.


TermGroupingOrganization or Jurisdiction Defining TermSource of DefinitionDefinition
Strategic RiskRisk CategoriesChinaCIRC C-ROSS Conceptual FrameworkThe risk arising from incompatibility between strategy and the market environment or the company's capacity, due to ineffective strategy formulation and execution processes or the changing business environment.S
Strategic RiskRisk CategoriesInternational Actuarial AssociationIAA - Acturial Aspects of ERM for Insurance CompaniesThe risk in relation to the achievement of an organisation's strategic business plan and objectives.S
Strategic RiskRisk CategoriesInternational Risk Management InstituteIRMI TermsExposure to uncertainty arising from long-term policy decisions.S
Strategic RiskRisk CategoriesThe European Economic AreaCEA Solvency IIType of business risk. The risk of a change in value due to the inability to implement appropriate business plans and strategies, make decisions, allocate resources, or adapt to changes in the business environment.S