International ERM Glossary

The International ERM Glossary is intended to provide users with a set of definitions that are in common usage around the world by actuaries, regulators and members of the insurance industry. The purpose in developing the glossary is to help provide a common understanding of the terms currently in use, as definitions and meanings have varied over time, and among practitioners. It can also be used as a training and educational tool for regulators.

The glossary can be consulted per letter, organization or grouping.

DISCLAIMER: The content of the International ERM Glossary has been compiled by the Joint ORSA Subcommittee of the Insurance Regulation Committee and the Enterprise and Financial Risk Committee of the IAA. This information has been collated and presented for educational and informational purposes to the members of the IAA and interested parties. The IAA assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, currency, reliability of the information in the International ERM Glossary or access to any information contained on any of the sources cited in the Glossary. The IAA, its employees and officers shall not be liable for any loss or damage, direct or indirect, which may arise or occur as a result of the use of or reliance upon any of the material in the International ERM Glossary.


TermGroupingOrganization or Jurisdiction Defining TermSource of DefinitionDefinition
Reverse Stress TestingMethodsCOSOCOSOThe possibility that events will occur and affect the achievement of strategy and business objectivesR
Reverse Stress TestingMethodsIAISIAIS ICP 16Reverse stress testing identifies scenarios that are most likely to cause an insurer to fail. Such an approach may help to ensure adequate focus on the management actions that are appropriate to avoid undue risk of business failure. The focus of such reverse stress testing may be largely qualitative in nature although broad assessment of associated financial impacts may help in deciding the appropriate action to take.R
Reverse Stress TestingMethodsInternational Actuarial AssociationIAA ISAPA process for  identifying events or scenarios that would lead to a predetermined financial indicator  for an organization (draft)R
Reverse Stress TestingMethodsThe European Economic AreaSolvency IIThe term is mentioned in the Guidelines on the ORSA, but has not been defined explicitly.R