International ERM Glossary

The International ERM Glossary is intended to provide users with a set of definitions that are in common usage around the world by actuaries, regulators and members of the insurance industry. The purpose in developing the glossary is to help provide a common understanding of the terms currently in use, as definitions and meanings have varied over time, and among practitioners. It can also be used as a training and educational tool for regulators.

The glossary can be consulted per letter, organization or grouping.

DISCLAIMER: The content of the International ERM Glossary has been compiled by the Joint ORSA Subcommittee of the Insurance Regulation Committee and the Enterprise and Financial Risk Committee of the IAA. This information has been collated and presented for educational and informational purposes to the members of the IAA and interested parties. The IAA assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, currency, reliability of the information in the International ERM Glossary or access to any information contained on any of the sources cited in the Glossary. The IAA, its employees and officers shall not be liable for any loss or damage, direct or indirect, which may arise or occur as a result of the use of or reliance upon any of the material in the International ERM Glossary.


TermGroupingOrganization or Jurisdiction Defining TermSource of DefinitionDefinition
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralCOSOCOSOThe culture, capabilities, and practices, integrated with strategy-setting and its execution, that organizations rely on to manage risk in creating, preserving, and realizing value.E
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralIAISIAIS ICP 16The process of identifying, assessing, measuring, monitoring, controlling and mitigating risks.E
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralIAISIAIS Supervisory MaterialThe process and activities of identifying, assessing, measuring, monitoring, controlling and mitigating risks in respect of the insurer's enterprise as a whole.E
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralInternational Actuarial AssociationIAA - Acturial Aspects of ERM for Insurance CompaniesERM is a continuous process. ERM adopts a holistic view to risk and assesses risk from the perspective of the company's aggregate position as well as from a standalone perspective. ERM is concerned with all risks, including those that are unquantifiable or difficult to quantify. ERM considers uncertainty from both a positive and negative viewpoint. ERM aims to achieve greater value for all stakeholders by assisting in achieving an appropriate risk-reward balance. ERM considers both the short term and the long term aspects of risk.E
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralThe European Economic AreaSolvency IINot specifically defined. Insurance and reinsurance undertakings shall have in place an effective risk-management system comprising strategies, pro­cesses and reporting procedures necessary to identify, measure, monitor, manage and report, on a continuous basis the risks, at an individual and at an aggregated level, to which they are or could be exposed, and their interdependencies. (Solvency II Directive art. 45)E
Enterprise Risk ManagementGeneralUnited StatesU.S. ASB TermsThe discipline by which an organization in any industry assesses, controls, exploits, finances, and monitors risks from all sources for the purpose of increasing the organization's short- and long-term value to its stakeholders.E